How to Water Succulent Plants [Complete Guide]

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Are you wondering about how much water one has to pour every day on its succulents? If you are pondering about the ways of watering succulents, then this article is a perfect guide for you.

The natural phenomenon of succulents is that they tend to store water in their leaves, stems, which means they can survive without water even. But this does not mean that one underwaters it one has to be cautious while watering succulents and avoid overwatering it. In case if you think that plants can survive without water. Hence, you underwater it and become neglected towards it, then this approach is exceptionally wrong, and one has to be cautious and need to know the requirement of water and extent of water too. For instance, ms marina wants to water succulents, and she has been keeping them indoors, but she perceives not to water plants every day since they have their water stored In stems, leaves. Now such an approach and perception is a problem because ms marina needs to study the quantity requirement of water of succulents rather than perceiving. Such an issue can be resolved if she consults a botanist either online or could take plants to the clinic of a botanist.

How to Water Succulent Plants (indoors and outdoors)

The most reliable way to water succulents is with the “soak and dry” method. Let the soil be soaked utterly and then dry it before you plan to water it. And it is needed to be assured about the succulents are in well-draining soil in a pot with a drainage hole (more on that in a minute). For indoor plants, it is undoubtedly incredible if water doesn’t stay on top of the leaves. If it sits on a leaf for a significant amount, it can cause rotting.

Use a tiny spout watering can or a squeeze bottle. This is not a problem at all for outdoor succulents because airflow is abundant here and the water will dry out quicker. Plants do not prefer to rest in wet soil for more than 2-3 days.

The most appropriate way for watering succulents is this: water only when the soil in the succulents’ growing container is dry. Let the soil dry out completely between waterings. If the soil isn’t crumbly, dry dirt, don’t water it. See, most houseplants want their soil moist at all times. Not you’re succulent. Keep its dirt moist all the time, and its roots will rot. Rotted roots = dead succulent. Skip watering periodically to encourage a robust root system. Sometimes it is adequate to skip watering for 1-2 days after the soil is dry to allow even stronger roots to grow. However, there is such a popular belief. You don’t always have to stick to the same watering schedule for mature succulents. Still, it is good to have a general plan.

 Right Soil!

Succulents will rapidly rot if they are in wet soil for too long. Ideally, your ground will be mostly parched, especially the top half of the pot, within 2-3 days.

But what makes a soil “well draining”?

The short answer is a well-draining soil look “gritty” because it has ¼” (6mm) particles. ⅔ of the soil should be inorganic (rock), and ⅓ should be organic (pine bark, coconut coir, etc.). Beyond that, it is suitable to take an in-depth look at the soil post to get recommendations for other materials and how to modify different store-bought soils to make them work better for succulents.

Indoor Succulent Temperatures 

Succulents do not prefer immensities, so make sure that people keep them away from hot and freezing conditions. It is noted that one should avoid growing plants in situations that are lower than 65 degrees Fahrenheit and higher than 85 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Indoor Living Arrangements

To pot up your own indoor succulent arrangement,follow these tips: 

  • Choose a container that is suitable for your home and adds flair to a room. “The box is just as essential as the succulents. Since succulents need very less amount of water, a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot is not necessary. This is wonderful because one does not have to worry about water damaging furniture and carpets. 
  • Select succulents based on the appearance and style of the container. Choose one desirable plant which is of your own preference’s plants and now make plant it to the centre of the arrangement, and others are supposed to be filled and spilt down the sides of the container. Don’t be hesitant to ask for help when buying succulents. Most nurseries have educated and informed staff which is ready to help one choose the right plants for your arrangement.” 
  • Now it is better to plant your succulents in a soil mix labelled Palm and Cactus Mix. Such a combination is aerated with perlite and sand, making the mixed light and fluffy and perfect for succulents, After planting your succulents, wait about one week before misting. This will allow the cactus to settle in and any broken stems to be eradicated briskly.

Now since you have an idea  how easy growing succulents indoors is, start decorating your home today.

Care for Succulents 

1. Water the Soil Directly

While watering your succulents, soak the soil until water runs out of the drainage holes. (If your container doesn’t have drainage holes, use less water.) Be cautious and avoid using a spray bottle to water your succulents—misting can cause brittle roots and mouldy leaves. It is feasible to place pots in a pan of water and allow the water to absorb through the drainage hole. Once the top of the soil is moist, let it be removed from the pan.

2. Keep Succulents Clean

“Inevitably, succulents as indoor plants will gradually pick up dust on their surface, which can inhibit their growth. Wipe off the leaves and spines soothingly with a damp cloth.

3. Change Places Of Succulents Frequently

Succulents love direct contact with the sun, but if yours is sitting in the same spot day after day, only one side is likely getting enough light. It is suggested that rotating the plant often. Succulents usually tend to incline towards the sun, which means moving them around will help them stand up straight. Leaning may also indicate that they need to be in a sunnier spot.

4. Container with Drainage

Succulents do not adore to sit in waterlogged soil, so drainage is requisite to prevent rot. Your container should have a drainage hole to permit excess water to escape. 

5. Fertilize Succulents in the Summer

Succulents don’t need much fertilizer, but you can give them light feedings during the spring and summer growing season. Be careful not to overfertilize—this can cause your succulent to grow too quickly and become weak.

Here are a few inexpensive container ideas:

Hypertufa. The trend in making hypertufa pots is famous for a reason. They’re relatively inexpensive to make, and although they can look like stone or concrete, the containers are much lighter. Hypertufa is a mix of Portland cement, sphagnum peat moss and perlite. There are lots of recipes online, and people often save plastic containers or other objects to use as moulds.

Reuse and repurpose. You can buy empty air plant terrariums relatively inexpensively online, or come up with found objects. And fence posts, driftwood, rocks, shells, pinecones and other natural items found in your yard or on walks can work well as planters or decorative items. Air plants can even be glued to wood or other things; you’ll just have to spritz them with water a few times a week instead of soaking the “roots.”

What If Leaves Are Dry? 

This adaptation of saving water for afterwards usage enables succulent plants to thrive even when water is considered to be rear. Because this is the adaptation succulents have made, it tells us it is FAR better to leave your plants too dry rather than too wet.  They have adapted to survive overly dry conditions.

Signs Your Succulent Needs Water

It is usually supposed that keeping succulents dry than to wet means “never water” your succulent plants however this is untrue. Water is essential for the plant’s health, just like any other.  Wrinkled, shrivelled leaves indicate the succulent needs more water. As those water balloon-like cells release their stored moisture to the rest of the plant, they try to bring in more water to replace what they have lost. When they cannot get more water, and the plant continues to rely on the stores being depleted, the cells contract to a smaller size, the “balloon” deflates, leaving the once plump and firm leaves collapsing and shrivelling. This is a dominant indication that your succulent needs excess of water.  

How Often to Water and Fertilize:

While growing, cacti and succulents should be watered minimum once a week. Some people water more often than this. During each watering, give the soil a perfect soaking, so that water runs out of the ‘drainage holes’ of the pots. A balanced fertilizer, which has been diluted to 1/4 strength, can be mixed to the water for further watering. (A balanced fertilizer is one that has roughly equal proportions of Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. A 10-10-10 fertilizer diluted to 1/4 strength is ideal.). Only such composition makes good fertilizer or fertilizer, which is good for succulent’s health.

When the weather is windy, chill and day-length shortens, plants enter a rest period. During that time, increase the gap between watering, and let the potting mixture dry out between watering. Some people tend to believe that during dormancy, cacti and succulents are supposed to be given just sufficient water so that they show no sign of shrivelling. It is quite apparent that If your plants are kept indoors on a window sill in a heated room during the Winter, they will need more water than if they were over-wintered out-of-doors. In every case, make sure to fertilize your plants during dormancy.

Additional Care Tips:

*Type of Water:

The most incredible and healthy type of water to use is rainwater or distilled water. Tap water has a lot of minerals that can build up in the soil and even show up on the leaves of the plant.

Season

What if you are watering, trimming and keeping check of sunlight every day of your jade plant or aloe vera but still they are detonating?. Simply this can be incurred because of the ungodly amount of water or either because you water lessly but season requirement was of more rain. This means one has to keep a check on the season and then strive to treat their jade plants etc. according to seasons. For instance, if there is cold weather then waterless your succulents or if there has been rained then one does not need to water them at all since these plants have stored water within their leaves, stems.

Most succulents grow in the spring and summer rapidly, so you’ll need to water them a lot more often during their active growing season. They drain out water from the soil at a remarkable rate as they make new stems, leaves, roots and blooms. You may prefer to water them three times a week, depending on conditions like light and temperature. In the winter, succulents go dormant. Growing stops, so you’ll only need to water them once or twice for the entire season. One of the easiest ways to kill a succulent is to give it too much water in the winter, so back away from your watering can from November to March. Let the succulent sleep in soothing aridity.

Humidity 

Another aspect is humidity which is quite essential.This is all about keeping a track upon moisture. One can use an instrument for this purpose. For instance, if one can not determine its thickness of home, then he can simply buy a humidity metre on amazon and then persist in maintaining their sedum etc. In this way, succulents will survive in great rum since humidity is a paramount parameter in gardening succulents indoor. So it is quite essential to check on moisture while planting these self-sufficient pants. Plants in high humidity and cooler temperatures will need frequent low watering relatively to the plants in hot, dry climates because they’ll maintain moisture for a more extended time. Are your succulents on a patio in full sun in Phoenix? Plan on watering daily. Are they in the part sun on a deck in San Francisco? You only may need to water once every week or two.

Other Knowledge:

Growing Succulents From Leaves

Many new plants can be grown very quickly from leaves of Crassula, Stapelia, Opuntia, Graptopetalum, Sedum and Sansevieria. Some exotic kinds of Kalanchoe are called the mother of thousands because their long, succulent leaves often have entire small plants already growing on the tips.

Simply break off plump, mature leaves and insert them a little, stem-tip down, into well-drained potting soil. Keep moist, not wet, and within weeks each will sprout new plants.

Pebble Preparation

Clean the pebbles properly if you’ve used them in another pot. Now fill a tub or sink with warm water and add a few drops of mild, fragrance-free soap. One should keep the pebbles in a colander and lower them into the sink to soak for several hours. Remove the filter, and then drain and rinse the stones thoroughly.  Be cautious about removing all of the soap.

Pebble Placement

When added with a soil mixture that drains well, one that contains an enormous amount of sand, pebbles enhance the drainage ability of the soil and prevent root rot. While one becomes decisive to plant the succulent, highlight the bottom of the pot with at least one inch of pebbles. If the rocks are tiny, put a piece of mesh over the hole in the bottom of the pot to prevent the stones from slipping through.

Repotting Succulents

A general rule of thumb is to repot succulents every two-years, at least as a way to provide fresh fertile soil. The ideal time to repot is at the beginning of a succulent’s growing season – this gives the plant the highest chance of survival.

Can you start succulents from seeds? Yes. If you ever wonder that how to commence planting succulents then there is a method in which succulent seeds can be planted indoors in light, moist soil, but grow more slowly and gradually and generally don’t reach transplant size until six months to a year after germinating.

Reasons Why Your Succulents are Dying

Your succulents aren’t warm enough.

Succulents love warm weather. They don’t want to be near a drafty window or out in cold weather. Keep them in a space where they can be heated and stay warm. They won’t do well if the climate is always changing on them.

They are too compacted.

Allow for your succulents to fill out naturally and avoid stuffing them carefully in the planter. There should be several inches between plants, so they have room to grow and won’t smother each other. Let growth happen naturally and allow for a natural filling instead.

Your soil isn’t nutrient rich.

Succulents love nutrient-rich soil. Stir in some organic matter or try a planting mix when planting succulents. This way, they get the feed they need to be healthy and look beautiful. Check your local garden centre for a soil mix specifically for cactus or succulents, or better yet, make your own succulent soil! These will have the right density and nutrients for your plants.

You are giving them too much water.

Succulents don’t need to be watered like your ordinary or typical houseplant. They are a type of cacti after all, so they can get by with less water and enjoy well-drained soil. The soil should feel fresh and damp to the touch, but never saturated or watered down and NEVER muddy. You might want to wait for some time instead of feeding directly for best results.

Do’s & Dont’s While Growing Succulents:

Planting a succulent in a bowl is a bit more tricky than planting it in a proper plant pot. Most plant pots have drainage holes, which allows excess/more water to drain out of the bottom. But bowls don’t have drainage holes to let excess water out. So it is better to use pot while planting aloe vera or sedum. Most potted plants come in a mediocre soil mix that works for almost every kind of plant, from ferns to fiddle-leaf figs. Succulents are designed to withstand one of the most extreme environments on planet earth, so mediocre potting soil just won’t cut it. Plants do very well getting by on slim and thin pickings. They still need food and water. Too much arena and growth mean they’ll probably miss out. If your succulents arrive in an overcrowded arrangement, pluck them out sensitively and let them each large mini desert dune. Few of wild things just aren’t meant to be tamed, no matter how pretty their flowers or beguiling their form. Stick instead to the tight little cookies that will happily accept the windowsill as their home sweet home.

Avoid using moss in your succulent pots. It looks incredible, but it traps moisture, encourages fungi/bacteria. One is supposed to avoid non-porous rocks also like pea gravel, river rocks, fish rocks, glass marbles, etc. One can use a tiny amount of stones here and there as decoration as long as the soil has plenty of air to breath. Alleviate your watering frequency on a schedule but on how dry the land is around the roots. If the soil isn’t drying within a week, you are supposed to repot succulents in a unique container with fresh and refreshing draining soil. DON’T assume the soil you purchased your plant in is maximum for such type of succulent. Make sure that all plants for pests and fungus before bringing them home. Eradicate purchasing plants which shared space with damaged or infested plants, and those that have been treated with neonicotinoids or other environmentally unfriendly insecticides.

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